Ancient clay oil lamps from Iron Age I. (1200 B.C - 930 B.C.).
This period was when the Monarchy was established starting with the book of judges. Read More...
In the Iron Age I, the Israelites became established in the Holy Land. Judges ruled for some time, and then a Monarchy was established beginning with King Saul, King David, and King Solomon. Lamps from the Iron Age I are similar to those from earlier periods, but they tend to be deeper and feature a broad everted rim. The bases are usually rounded, but some lamps feature flat bottoms. During this time, David wrote, “For you are my lamp, O Lord; the Lord shall enlighten my darkness” (2 Samuel 22:29).
The clay used in production of lamps was at this time was a mix of Canaanite and Philistine. The design varied little in the time except the folded rim was closer than during the Bronze period.