The Red varnished Pitcher on display here is dated to the Iron Age (8th Century BC).
The First Temple period: this period was one of the most significant periods of the people of Israel in ancient times. It was the period that began with the construction of the First Temple around the year 1000 BC by King Solomon, son of David, as a commandment of God.
The material culture of the First Temple period was quite diverse and can be divided into two types: one southern characteristic of the Kingdom of Judah and two northern characteristics of the Kingdom of Israel. The pitcher displayed belongs to the second group of pottery vessels that were used in the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The eighth century BC, to which the vessel dates, was a turbulent period in the northern kingdom, when the Assyrian Empire conquered it. The great cities of the kingdom of Israel (like Megiddo and Hatzor) had to deal with the new reality of the Assyrian conquest.
A vessel identical to this vessel was found in the Ashkelon and Hebron excavations,
which dated to the eighth century BC, before the Assyrian conquest. It is possible that the morphology of this vessel has an influence from the Phlistine (southern) region, which is consistent with its invention in the ceramic assemblages of the northern kingdom of Israel.