This set of vessels is dated to the Middle Bronze Age IIB-C (1750- 1550 BC).
The Middle Bronze Age parallels the biblical Patriarchs period, which began with Abraham’s journey from Mesopotamia to the land of Canaan. It is customary to call this period also the “Canaanite period”, since it preceded the settlement of the children of Israel in the land, in the time of Joshua.
The Middle Bronze Age is characterized by an increase in urban life in Canaan, since during this period important Canaanite cities were rebuilt and strengthened (such as Hatzor, Megiddo, Lachish, etc.). Also, during this period one can point to the beginning of the fruitful trade in the eastern Mediterranean basin, especially between the Land of Canaan and the Aegean Lands.
Alongside this, the Middle Bronze Age also led to the development and significant refinement in the field of material culture: The pottery of the period is known for its high and meticulous level of production, which was done while introducing new production methods (e.g. the high-speed wheels). As a result, during the Middle Bronze Age, pottery vessels with a shape typical only of this period, which distinguishes them, were produced.
Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
One of these vessels is the juglet shown in this set. This juglet is known as a the “priform juglet”. It has a small button base and a ring rim. The small dimensions of the vessel, as well as the narrow width of its nozzle, make it possible to assume that this juglet contained some expensive liquid.
The oil lamp shown in the set, meanwhile, is of the shallow rounded bowl type, and indeed, It is shaped like a simple bowl with a curved rim and a pinched spout, where the burning wick was placed. This lamp is an example of the simple but very functional design of the shape of the vessel designed to illuminate the domestic area in the night time.
This set of ancient vessels is a typical example of vessels that were in the Canaanite household during the period of the Patriarchs, as described in the book of Genesis.