Ancient Early Bronze clay Jug and Bowl set
This set of vessels is dated to the Early Bronze Age (third millennium BC). The Early Bronze Age is a formative period in the history of the Holy Land, in which the first cities in Canaan appeared. Within these cities are Megiddo, Arad and Hatzor.
The process of urbanization of the inhabitants of Canaan and the establishment of the cities was very important, since then there was also a change in the way of life of the people of Canaan: the transition from nomadic to permanent life in the city (The biblical story of building the Tower of Babylon may be seen as an echo of this historical process).
Along with the establishment of the Canaanites in the new cities, there was also a change and development in the ceramic assemblage of the pottery vessels that were in use at that time: Many clay vessels such as the bowl and Jug in this set were common during this period.
The pottery bowl in this set, has a simple rim and a slightly curving profile protruding from the base of the flat vessel. An important and identifying element of the period in the bowl is a small handle on its one upper side. Apparently this handle was designed so that the bowl could be hung using a wire in the ancient Canaanite kitchen.
As for the Jug (that has been preserved in an excellent condition), it has a long handle that goes down from the rim of the vessel to its center, and it has a slightly carinated outline. There is another importance in these clay vessels in the set, in fact being a fine example of the beginning of the Wheel made pottery work in Canaan in ancient times.
From the time this Technique began to develop, the potter could produce vessels in a more industrial way, according to the increasing need of the inhabitants of the new cities in Canaan, during the formative Early Bronze Age.
This set of ancient vessels is a typical example of vessels that were in the Canaanite household during the period preceding the conquest of the land by the children of Israel, as described in the book of Joshua.
Then I went down to the potter’s house, and there he was, making something on the wheel. But the vessel that he was making of clay was spoiled in the hand of the potter; so he remade it into another vessel, as it pleased the potter to make. (Jeremiah 18:3-4)
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