The decanter is one of the most typical wine vessels in the First Temple period.
This clay vessel appears in the Iron Age II a-b (8th -6th Centuries BC), and was actually used until the destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonians in 586 BC.
In terms of shape, the decanter is a meticulously made pottery vessel, with a handle descending from the rim to the shoulder, and a ring base. The decanter presented to us is typical of the Judean kingdom of the First Temple period, and is different from the decanters of the kingdom of Samaria: while in the northern kingdom the decanter’s rim is in the form of a grooved ring, the decanters of the Judean region have a simple flaring rim, like the one shown here.
But now, O LORD, You are our Father; we are the clay, and You are the potter; we are all the work of Your hand.
Researchers have discussed a lot about the liquid that this vessel contained: During the excavations that took place at the biblical Tel Lachish, a decanter was discovered on which the word “wine” was engraved. This unique finding made it possible to assume, with a high degree of certainty that during the First Temple period the group of vessels called “Decanter” contained wine.
This wine Jar, which is dated to the First Temple period, to the time when the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah prophesied, is one of the most important vessels of the First Temple period. Its unique features, as well as its wide distribution in a variety of sites in the Holy Land, testify to its great importance both in antiquity and in our time.