This vessel is dated to the Iron age II
(8th to the 6th century BC), to the end of the First Temple period. The period of the First Temple is so named after the Temple built by Solomon son of David in Jerusalem.
This temple was the religious-spiritual center of the people of Israel for hundreds of years, until it was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC. After the destruction of the Temple, the exile of the people of Judah began, who returned to their land only after the declaration of Cyrus in 538 BC, at the beginning of the Persian period. This was the period in which the prophets of Israel acted, among them Isaiah and Jeremiah, who proved the people of their sins and deeds.
Most of the pottery that was used daily by the people of Judah during the First Temple period were clay vessels that were designed in a simple way. Most of the vessels lack decoration, this can be seen in light of the biblical command not to create any image, out of danger of idolatry.
The word which came to Jeremiah from the Lord saying, “Arise and go down to the potter’s house, and there I will announce My words to you.” Then I went down to the potter’s house, and there he was, making something on the wheel.
The pottery vessel shown here is a juglet with a handle that descends from the rim to the shoulder. The vessel was made of light clay with an orangey color, and the mark of the wheels is noticeable on the clay surfaces. It can be said that this is the prototype vessel of the juglets that continued to be used in the following centuries, and indeed, its shape is similar to the shape of the juglets of the Herodian period.
This clay juglet, which dates to the end of the Iron Age period before the destruction of the First Temple, was a vessel used daily by the people of Judea, who used it to store precious oils, possibly as part of a ritual they performed. The vessel, preserved in its entirety, has evidence of the daily life of the people of ancient Judea during the dramatic period before the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC.