This 2nd Temple period pottery was used for cooking during the time of Herod the Great. Soot and black marks can be seen on the bottom of this pot showing that it was used over a fire to cooke meals and heat up water. Pots like this were found in the traditional home of Simeon Peter in Capernaum as well as in Bethany, the hometown of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus. In Luke 10:38-42 Jesus is visiting the home of Martha and she is preparing a meal for him. Martha most likely used a pot like this to prepare the food for Jesus when he was staying at their home.
Luke 10:39-42 says: But Martha was distracted by her many tasks; so she came to him and asked, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to do all the work by myself? Tell her then to help me.”But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are worried and distracted by many things; there is need of only one thing. Mary has chosen the better part, which will not be taken away from her.”
We can remember this lesson that it is important to make sure to always make time for Jesus in our lives and not get caught up in the things of this world. This pot can serve as a reminder to keep priorities straight and to remember this important lesson that Martha learned.